Tuesday, 25 June 2013


My friend, Kawthar, asked me to publish a post on those who are exempted from fasting the obligatory fast of Ramadan, and I felt it was a most welcome idea considering the approach of Ramadan, Masha Allah. Fasting during the month of Ramadan is fard, and it's one of the pillars of Islam. Allah commanded In Q2:183 "O you who believe, fasting has been prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, so that you may attain taqwa"

The heavily pregnant woman wonders, the sick man wonders, the nursing mother wonders, the traveller wonders, even the little children wonder, what can they do?? We have been commanded to fast but they find it difficult to do so. Alhamdulilah, they need not fret, for Allah doesn't burden a soul more than it can bear. reprieve has been provided in the following manner, for there is no matter on human life that Islam hasn't catered for.

Anas ibn Malik relayed that the Prophet SAW said ' Allah has relieved a traveller from part of the prayers and relieved him along with pregnant and nursing women from fasting. The pregnant /nursing mother should break the fast if they fear injury to either themselves or their infants, however, they must offer restitution. In the opinion of some scholars, they women should offer restitution for the days missed by fasting those days, they linked the exemption for the pregnant and nursing mothers to that of Travellers, and since traveller's are to fast the days missed, the women should too. However, Ibn Abass used to say to a pregnant wife of his that ' you are In the same position as a person who finds fasting too much of a strain to bear, you may compensate for it without having to fast later on' the compensation here is the feeding of a poor person for all the days of fasting missed. And Allah knows best.

Considering the traveller, his situation is clearer, Allah SWT said in Q2:185 " but he who is ill or on a journey shall fast instead the same number of days Later on" this implies that the traveller can break his fast, it's a concession for him, a mercy from Allah, so he may not fast, but he must fast the days that he missed.

Sometimes, the healthy person who fears to get ill by fasting is treated as an ill person and also exempt from fasting. Example of such illnesses is stomach ulcer. The illnesses are divided into two. Terminal and temporary. The temporary ill can cease fasting for the period of the illness, but has to repay the missed days. The terminally ill however should pay compensation. The Old fall under This category too. And d compensation paid is called fidyah.. the feeding of a poor person for the duration of Ramadan. Alhamdulilah, Allah has asked us not to kill ourselves for He is most compassionate towards us Q4:29.

The little children who haven't attained the age of accountability are exempt from fasting. However, there is no harm in encouraging them to get used to fasting by devising several means. For example, they could fast from dawn to either 12, 2, or 4 pm... and for those who you believe can go further, encourage them and distract them with toys, just as it used to be done. May Allah make it easy. Ameen.

I hope I'll be able to make more posts on Ramadan in sha Allah. May Allah increase us in understanding and forgive our errors. Ameen.

Do drop your questions or observation.
Ma salam


  1. ماشا الله may اللَّه make it easy on us all. May اللَّه reward d writer and the readers. Had d thinking that pregnant & nursing women need not repay missed fast but الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ now I know better. We dnt knw it all so seek for knowlege even if U think U know.

    1. Ameen thumma ameen. There r two opinions there, those who believe u should repay and those who feel u should just compensate. When I was pregnant, I compensated, cos after delivery comes nursing, thus no opportunity to repay soon. Allah knows best. I also relied on ibn Kattab who said that one should pick the easier of two options. And Allah knows best

  2. Salam.. Can u enlighten us more on that part of 'person who fears ill' cos what I think is that the fact that u fear ill doesn't mean u r ill so won't that come to mean intentionally breaking ur fast without any just reason..

    1. Masha Allah, hence the example of ulcer, you are not ill at d moment, but if u fast, u r most likely to cause yourself grievous harm.Ramadan fasting is obligatory for the healthy adult but, when fasting might significantly affect the health of the fasting individual or when one is genuinely sick, Islam exempts him or her from fasting. "God intends every facility for you, he does not want to put you into difficulties" (Koran 2:185). From an Islamic point of view, this exemption represents more than a simple permission not to fast. The Prophet said: "God likes his permission to be fulfilled, as he likes his will to be executed." Another saying suggests that "a gift that God gives you, you have to accept". In the light of these sayings, many believe that any Muslim who is sick, or whose sickness would adversely affect his well-being during the fasting period, should either not fast or at least break his fast accordingly. An additional argument often used is that if the fasting by a sick Muslim would jeopardise his health further, then this ultimately will neither benefit himself nor his role in society (Ummah) and he should be discouraged from observing the fast.
      And Allah knows best. If u do have any more questions, do post a comment

  3. Please enlighten us how to feed one during fasting, is it by providing money or cooking for the person?

  4. Majority of the Hambali, Maliki and Shafi 's school of thought opinion on this matter is that cash does not suffice for the fidyah of missing a fast, they base their opinions on the Quran verse where Allah in Q2:184 Says that those who can't fast should feed ONE miskeen for the entire period of the fast. According to them, it has to be food. Which u may choose to give on each day of the fast or all at once. For example, rice... reliance is also given on the practice of Anas ibn Malik who related that if he is not able to feed a poor person daily, then he cooks a large meal of flour dough and invites 30 people to each and ensure they become full. Thus, each person represents a day of fasting. And yet there r others who posit that money can be given if u r sure that the recipient will utilize the money for purchasing food. Allah knows best. I hope I have answered yur question. Do revert if you have any other question or comment. Masalam

  5. Jazak Allah khairan.....